The Internet of Things (IoT) has entered almost every operation of several industries as well as applications. Some of the common areas of the application of the IoT include smart cities, e-health, smart homes, smart grids, logistics, asset management, physical security, and so more.
Amongst all of these, the concept of smart cities as the application of IoT is the most useful and widespread. The smart cities application of the IoT has been emerging in several continents. It includes the development of the overall cities with the applications of the IoT standards and technology. From enhanced street lighting controls to infrastructure monitoring, physical security, public safety and surveillance, meter reading, gunshot detection, transportation analysis, optimization systems, and so more are being deployed on a city-wide scale.
Some quick stats on smart cities around the world [source]:
Market size: US $1 trillion by 2019
Leading countries: USA, Germany, China
Market drivers: Rapid urbanization, resource conservation, energy efficiency
Here are some key considerations to keep in mind while implementing the applications of the IoT in smart city arena:
Budgeting: It is vital to consider enough time and budget for completing all the mega-structured plans and infrastructure for the smart cities under the IoT. This is especially important in the scenarios wherein multiple jurisdictions or multiple departments might be involved. The identification of the staff resources and corresponding budget might be an issue. However, these factors cannot be ignored until all the IoT responsibilities are formalized and consolidated.
Security: This could be the topmost concern while making use of the IoT applications in some mega smart city project. The city residents would be willing to provide personal information in exchange for some compelling value of the security consideration. They must feel comfortable in giving out the information that has to be used appropriately and should remain secure. If the residents would believe that their data would not be secure, they will simply not participate in the smart initiative.
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